The Orton-Gillingham Approach (OG) is an instructional technique particularly effective for dyslexic individuals – people who have unexpected difficulty with reading, spelling, and writing. At The Schenck School, OG is used in the classroom, in small group instruction, and in one-on-one tutoring. OG is incorporated in math, science, and social studies curricula as well. Taught by well-trained and experienced faculty, it is an effective tool.
- Diagnostic & Prescriptive
- Direct & Explicit
- Language Based
- Taught Simultaneously
- Structured, Sequential & Cummulative
OG is structured, sequential, and cumulative. Students begin by reading and writing letters and sounds in isolation then letters and sounds are blended into syllables and words. Consonants, digraphs, blends, and vowel teams all are introduced in a structured, sequential way.
Students learn new material while reviewing the “old” material until their skills are automatic. Vocabulary, sentence structure, writing and composition, and reading comprehension all are taught in a structure, sequential, and cumulative manner.
OG employs metacognitive strategies. Students learn the history of the English language and study the rules and generalizations that govern its structure. They benefit from knowing how the English language works and why certain words are phonetic while others have to be learned a different way. Instructors teach metacognitive strategies, so reading and writing are not reliant on memory or guessing.
Students experience a high degree of success and confidence with each lesson. Self-esteem develops from success, and learning becomes a positive experience for students.